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尊龙客户端登录WangQuanbinResearchReportNo112,2002HowistheprocessofChina’smarketizationafterovertwodecadesofreformHasChinabecomeacountrywithamarketeconomyAfteranalyzingtherelevantstudiesbothinChinaandabroad,wecancome,inwhichthemarketmechanismplaysaconstantlygrowingroleinacountry’,inwhichtheresourcesofac,theformerreferstoamarketizationinthesenseofdevelopment,whi,China’smarketiza,untryinreformortransitionmoreinthe,,,inthefinalanalysis,vealsthatthedesignofindicatorshasbecomemoreana’seconom,withthedeepeningofreform,Chinahasbeenadvancinginthedirectionofmarkurement(seetable1).Therefore,marketizationhasbeenthedirectionoftheeconomicreformoverthepasttwodecades.ZhangChenghuiResearchReportNo162,cingactivityreferstoinformallyorganizedpublicfinvestmentandfinancingprocesseswherethesurplussocialcapitalsaretransfondepartmentsaresovigorousistyaimedatservingtheprivateeconomyandfillingupthevacancyofthesupplyanddemandmarket,ficultiesSincethereformandopeningup,China’,householdindus,,,theto,,,,ts"supplementary"s,however,thefinancingdifficultythathasalsystemandstructuralproblemsintheformalfinancialsystem,neitherthecapitalmarketnorthefundmarkethasev,about80percentoftheenterprisesregardfinancingdifficultyastheirmajordevelopmentobstacle,andover90percentofhouseholdandprivateenterprise(exceptlistedcompanies),theirowncapitaltakesup65percent,privateloansandcommercialcreditstakeup25percent,bankloansonlytakeup10percent,rivateenterprisescanhardlysatisfytheircapitaldemandthroughformalchannels,informalfinancingactivitieshaveremainedvigorousinareaswithdevelopedprivateeconomyandhavebecomeamajorsourceyrestrictedvarioustypesofprivatefinancingactivitiesandstrictlybanned"illegalfundraising"activities,,theymainlytakethefollowingways:,privateborrowingmarkethasneverceasedthanthatofbanklending,manyurbanresidentsinvestedtheirfundsintothismarketall-sizedenterprises,downstreamenterprisesdelaytheirpaymentsforupstreamenterprises,enterprisesdelaypaymenttooneanother,a,whenenterprise,theguaranteedenterpriseusesitsenterpriypartytodoso,thecreditor’,significantnumberofunderground(orsemi-underground)privatebanksandmiddlemenhds,:First,strength,buttheyhavetopayinterestsforinformalfinancingatadoubleratethanthatoftheformalfinancing,,’scapitalmarketrevealsthatthecostforlistingisveryhighwhetheranenterprisegetsdirectlylisted,orthroughpurchasingthemajor,,,duetohighinvestmentrisks,,,asthesharesofnon-listedcompaniescanhardlycirculate,manyundergroundtransactionstookplace,,undergroundstocktransactionsusedtoprevailinXi’an,Chengdu,Hainan,,theincomesfromstockownershiptrusteeofonly50enterprisesdelistedfromthestockexchangeamountedtoRMB30millioninoneyear,uitycirculationbycertaindegree,theyalsocreatedlotsof"primarysharefrauds".Somecompaniesjoinedtoge,aldoesnotonlyintensifytheproblemofchain-debtsinsociety,,,inter-en,however,,somelawlesspeoplehaveexploit,withsomeloansgrownfromthesizeof"ant"intothatof"elephant",andtheborrowersbeenruined,whichseriouslyaffectedsocialstability....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.--------------------------------------------------------------------------------1DatafromtheAll-ChinaFederationofIndustryandCommerce.

MiJianguoYanKunResearchReportNo79,rvisionSystemSincethestartofreformandopeningup,throughcontinuousstudyandrenovation,apreliminarymulti-leivedecreesoffinanceandtaxation,standardisingeconomicorderandguaranteeingtheimpleme’ssocialistmarketeconomysystem,theroleoffinanceandtaxa,theoldpublicfinanceandtaxationsupervisionsystemcannolongerm,ithasbecomenecessaryandpressingtoestablishandcompleteapublicfinanceandtaxationsupervisionsystemandascientificoperationmechanismthatareinlinewiththesocialistmarkmulti-levelpublicfinanceandtaxationsupervisionsystemwasgraduallyestablishedonthebasisoftheplann:,,publicfinanceandtaxationsupervisionhasbeencharacterisedbylarge-scalefinance,taxationandpriceinspections,whichwerecarriedoutalloverChina,knownas"guerrillawarfare".Inspiteofcertainachievements,suchinuslackofarestrictivesupervisionmechanismtosuperviseandrestraintheimpacttotaxationofneweconomicactionsandtransactionmethods(suchasenterpriserestructuring,assetreorganizationande-commerce),,,,manyproblemshaveemergedregardingthestandard,"threemajorinspections"in1998,manylocalities(provinces)haveadoptednewmeasuresandmethodstoconductpublicfinanceandtaxationsupervision(,HubeiProvincehasestablishedthePublicFinanceSupervisionDivisiontocarryoutnetworkedandsystematicsupervision).However,"threemajorinspections"isthattheirconcenttionsupervision,’sideologyandsetup,assoonaspossible,ascientificandstandardsupervisionmechanismtostrengthenpre-andmid-eventsupervision,coverthewholeprocessoffinanceandtaxationactivitiesundersupervision,changeafter-eventhandlingtoprocesscontrol,thepressingissueishowtosetupahighlyefficientsupervisionmechanismwhichcoversallprocessesandlinkspracticallybasedonth,cfinancemanagementandpublicfinance,ChinaonlyhastheBudgetLaw,,thePublicFinanceManagementLaw,thePublicFina,theBudgetLawhasonlyspecifiedcriterionsforthegovernmentandthepublicfinancedep,accordingtorelevantprovisionsintheBudgetLaw,thePublicFinanceManagementLawshouldbeformulatedtofurtherdefinethelimitsofauthority,,thePublicFinanceandTaxationSupervisionLawshouldalsobeformulatedtodefinetheauthority,themethodsandtheextentofpublicfinanceandtaxationsupervision,,toalargeextent,,publicfinanceandtaxationsupervisionhasconstit,etheinspectionwasfocusedonenterprisefinancialaffairswheremos,itwasquiteeffectivebecausemostpunishmentstooktheformoffines,,thefocusofpublicfinanceandtaxationsupervisiononsmallcoffersandextra-budgeta,therehasbeennofundamentalchangeinourthoughts,methods,meansandtreatmentofsupervision,,westillrelylargelyonaccountadjustmentsandfines,regardlessofthefactthattheyarenon-profitinstitutionsandhavef,asextra-budgetaryincomeisgraduallyincludedintobudgetorintospecialaccounts,withtheimplementationofthecomprehensivepublicfinancebudgetmanagement,chargingfinesisliketransferringfundsbetween"theleftandrightpockets",therestr,intermsofthetypesofregulation-breachingactsoftheadministrativeandpublicestablishments,therearelesscasesrelatedtofinancialaccountingproceduresthantodecision-makingandadministrativeactionsoftheirleadership,whichincludesunauthorisedfunds,lavishdistributionofbonuses,deliberatetreasurymix,unauthorisedtaxreductionorexemption,,undersuchcircumstances,economicpunishmenthasbutlimitedeffect,anditsrationalityoughttobequestioned....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.

WangWeiSince2001,thedevelopmentofChina’sconsumergoodsmarkethasbeenonasteadygrowingtrend,andgrowingconsumerdemandhasbecomean,theconsumergoods(I).,,%overthepreviousyear,,allmonths,excludingthefirstquarterinwhichthegrowthratefluctuated,%to11%(asshowninChart1).Inthesecond,thirdandfourthquarter,%,%%respectively,,,againstthebackgroundofalowretailpricelevel,,,,thecontributionrateofthedomesticconsumptiondemandstotheGDPgrowthwas51%,featuringthestimulationofdomesticdemands,hadpaidoff,andthesteadyandfastgrowthoftheconsumergoodsmarkethasbecomeanimportantfactorsupportingtheChineseeconomicgrowth.(II).,theoverallConsumerPriceIndices(CPI)%rise,%%,:First,,itroseslowlyfromJanuarytoMay,%%,,NovemberandDecemberdropped,andinDecember,%,,thepriceleveloffood,medicalandhealthcareanddailynecessitiesremainedbasicallyunchanged,thepricelevelofhousing,andrecreation,culture,%%,clothing,householdappliancesandservice,,thepriceofclothing,%%respectivelyoverthesameperiodofthepreviousyear,,thepricelevelindifferentregionswasunbalanced,,theCPIof18provinces,,42%oftheprovinces,autonomousregionsandmunicipalitiesregisteredarisingpricetrend,butthepercentageroseto68%,theCPIofruralresidentsforthefirsttimereversedthedeclinetrendforthreeconsecutiveyearsandbegantorise,%overthepreviousyear(%in2000).Thetrendofmarketpricesin2,thegen002,andthecommodityretailpriceindex,theproducerpriceindexofindust(1)Priceperformanceisinanewroundofdecline,,theperformanceofmarketpriceshasallalongbeeninalow-lev,,,,,,theleadingindexindicatingthechangesofthegeneralpricelevel,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,ceinthepastfiveyears,we,thege,thegenerallevelofconsumerpriceposteda24-month-longcontinuousfallfromApril1998toApril2000,andposteda15-month-l,,thegenerallevelofconsumerpriceshasbeeninanewroundofdecline,postingan11-month-longnegativegrowth.(2)Whiletherehavebeennofundamentalchangesinthegeneralsituationofoversupply,,thefactthattherehavebeennofundamentalchangesinthegeneralsituationofovers,theChineseeconomyhasbeenplague,thestatehasbeenstickingtoapolicyofstimulatingdomesticdemand,andasaresult,thedemandofdomesticinvestment,,inparticular,mmoditiesconductedbytheStateEconomicandTradeCommission,t,,theproportionofthecommoditiespostingabasicbalanceinsupplyanddemandfellfro,thecontinuousfallofChina’smarketpricesinrecentyearshasbeenalogicalreflectionofabuyer’smarket,,thech,thepricesofmostofChina’,’smarketcontinuestodevelopandmarketcompetitionbecomesincreasinglyfiercer,,inthefirstroundofpricedecline,thepricesofafewservicesandmonopolyindustrieswhosepricesweresetbythegovernmentweredrasticallyadjusted,whichplayedcertainrolesincontainingthef’spricingmethodsbecomingincreasinglystandardinrecentyears,however,the,,whichwasthelowestgrowthinrecentyears().AnothernoteworthychangeisthatasaresultofChina’smoreopeningtotheoutsideworldandespeciallybecauseoftheimpactofthecountry’saccessiontotheWorldTradeOrganization,thecountry’spricingmechanismshavebecomemoreopenandtheimpactoftheinternationalmar’sWTOaccession,andthetariffreductionandtheincreaseofimportquotasforgrain,chemicalfertilizerandsomeothercommoditieswillfurtherintensifythepressureondomesticmarketcompetitionan,thetechnologicaladvancefeaturedbyhigherlaborproductiissharplylower,whichbringslessemergenceofnewproducts,,communicationsproductsandhouseholdappliancesinrecentyears....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.大三巴澳门电话投注GeYanfengResearchReportNo82,’’e’heoutsideworld,Chinahasturnedfromacountrywherethedisparityinpeople’sincomewasnotgreatorevenquiteequaltoacountrywheredisparityinpeople’arityinpeople’,whenthereformjuststarted,theWorldBankestimatedthattheGinicoefficientfortheincomeofChineseresidents(thoselivingonthemainland,excludingthoselivinginHongKong,MacaoandTaiwan)’,’,,’sincomegrew,,’,,alargeportionoftheirincomemustbeinvestedinproduction,,thedisparityinincomesamongurbanresidents,,accordingtosamplingsmadebyZhaoRenweiandotherscholars,,accordingtodatacollectedbytheStateStatisticalBureauinthecourseofresidentsampling,,theStateStatisticalBureauintandemwithanumberofdepartmentscaeStatisticalBureau,theGinic,itcanberoughlyseenthattheg,incomedisparityamongruralresidentshasbeenbasicallystable,whiletheincomedisparityamongeofincomeandofthepossessionofwealthbetweendifferentindividualmembersofsociety(thefamilies),teCouncilinthethirdquarterof1999amongurbanresidentsshowsthattheAugustincomesofthestudiedfamilieswhenlistedonahightolowscaleinfivecategoriesaccordingtothepercapitaincomewereasfollows:20%;and20%,thesituationwasasfollows:20%ofthehigh-incomefamilieshadapercapitaincomeof992RMByuan;20%:thehighestincomesandthatofthe10percentfamilieswiththelowestincomewasevengreater,1,:%oft,itisnotpossibletomakeacomparisonbetw,itcanbeassuredthatthedifference,e,butundertheeffectsofcontinuedlargedisparities,theamoisticalBureau,bytheendofJune1999,20percentofurbanfa,,the20p,:1997by6ministriesandcommissionsoftheStateCouncil:theStatetheStatisticalBureau,MinistryofLabor,All-ChinaFederationofTradeUnions,etc..,accordingtoasamplesurveyconductedbytheStateStatisticalBureau,bytheendof1998high-incomepeasantfamilieswhichoccupied20percentofthepopulationpossess,an1,000RMByuanpossessedlessthan3percentofthetotalsavingsdeposit....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.

尊龙客户端登录信誉:美国一中学拆除篮球框!

mgm集团二八杠尊龙客户端登录’%oftheenterpriseskeptnormaloperationthisyear,,,%;%;%.Thatistosay,(lastyear,),,%managersansweredthattheirenterpriseshadmadeprofits;%keptbreakeven;%,’,49%ofthemanagersthoughtitwould"turnforthebetter",%predicted"nochange",%forecast"worsening".,%plannedtoincreasetheirinvestment;%intendedtoreduceinvestment;and23%,moreinvestmentinterestwasexpectedtogotosuchindustriesaspharmaceutics,ironandsteel,electronics,non-ferrousmetals,,enterprisesintendingtoincreasei,managersofmostenterprisesfeltopt,%felt"veryoptimistic",%respondedwith"relativelyoptimistic",andonly11%were"notsooptimistic".Itisfurtherobservedthat15%oftheenterpriseshadbeeninvolvedintherealmofhighandnewtechnologies,%,%want%,newtechnologiesforenvironmentalprotection,"haveparticipatedin"or"plantoparticipatein"overalldevelopmentofwesternChina,%and45%,"marketexpansion"%ofenterpriseschosethisformwhichwasfollowedbytechnologicalco-operationpreferredby23%(11%),investment(%)andtalentsupport(%)....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.MiJianguoYanKunResearchReportNo79,rvisionSystemSincethestartofreformandopeningup,throughcontinuousstudyandrenovation,apreliminarymulti-leivedecreesoffinanceandtaxation,standardisingeconomicorderandguaranteeingtheimpleme’ssocialistmarketeconomysystem,theroleoffinanceandtaxa,theoldpublicfinanceandtaxationsupervisionsystemcannolongerm,ithasbecomenecessaryandpressingtoestablishandcompleteapublicfinanceandtaxationsupervisionsystemandascientificoperationmechanismthatareinlinewiththesocialistmarkmulti-levelpublicfinanceandtaxationsupervisionsystemwasgraduallyestablishedonthebasisoftheplann:,,publicfinanceandtaxationsupervisionhasbeencharacterisedbylarge-scalefinance,taxationandpriceinspections,whichwerecarriedoutalloverChina,knownas"guerrillawarfare".Inspiteofcertainachievements,suchinuslackofarestrictivesupervisionmechanismtosuperviseandrestraintheimpacttotaxationofneweconomicactionsandtransactionmethods(suchasenterpriserestructuring,assetreorganizationande-commerce),,,,manyproblemshaveemergedregardingthestandard,"threemajorinspections"in1998,manylocalities(provinces)haveadoptednewmeasuresandmethodstoconductpublicfinanceandtaxationsupervision(,HubeiProvincehasestablishedthePublicFinanceSupervisionDivisiontocarryoutnetworkedandsystematicsupervision).However,"threemajorinspections"isthattheirconcenttionsupervision,’sideologyandsetup,assoonaspossible,ascientificandstandardsupervisionmechanismtostrengthenpre-andmid-eventsupervision,coverthewholeprocessoffinanceandtaxationactivitiesundersupervision,changeafter-eventhandlingtoprocesscontrol,thepressingissueishowtosetupahighlyefficientsupervisionmechanismwhichcoversallprocessesandlinkspracticallybasedonth,cfinancemanagementandpublicfinance,ChinaonlyhastheBudgetLaw,,thePublicFinanceManagementLaw,thePublicFina,theBudgetLawhasonlyspecifiedcriterionsforthegovernmentandthepublicfinancedep,accordingtorelevantprovisionsintheBudgetLaw,thePublicFinanceManagementLawshouldbeformulatedtofurtherdefinethelimitsofauthority,,thePublicFinanceandTaxationSupervisionLawshouldalsobeformulatedtodefinetheauthority,themethodsandtheextentofpublicfinanceandtaxationsupervision,,toalargeextent,,publicfinanceandtaxationsupervisionhasconstit,etheinspectionwasfocusedonenterprisefinancialaffairswheremos,itwasquiteeffectivebecausemostpunishmentstooktheformoffines,,thefocusofpublicfinanceandtaxationsupervisiononsmallcoffersandextra-budgeta,therehasbeennofundamentalchangeinourthoughts,methods,meansandtreatmentofsupervision,,westillrelylargelyonaccountadjustmentsandfines,regardlessofthefactthattheyarenon-profitinstitutionsandhavef,asextra-budgetaryincomeisgraduallyincludedintobudgetorintospecialaccounts,withtheimplementationofthecomprehensivepublicfinancebudgetmanagement,chargingfinesisliketransferringfundsbetween"theleftandrightpockets",therestr,intermsofthetypesofregulation-breachingactsoftheadministrativeandpublicestablishments,therearelesscasesrelatedtofinancialaccountingproceduresthantodecision-makingandadministrativeactionsoftheirleadership,whichincludesunauthorisedfunds,lavishdistributionofbonuses,deliberatetreasurymix,unauthorisedtaxreductionorexemption,,undersuchcircumstances,economicpunishmenthasbutlimitedeffect,anditsrationalityoughttobequestioned....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.

WangWeiSince2001,thedevelopmentofChina’sconsumergoodsmarkethasbeenonasteadygrowingtrend,andgrowingconsumerdemandhasbecomean,theconsumergoods(I).,,%overthepreviousyear,,allmonths,excludingthefirstquarterinwhichthegrowthratefluctuated,%to11%(asshowninChart1).Inthesecond,thirdandfourthquarter,%,%%respectively,,,againstthebackgroundofalowretailpricelevel,,,,thecontributionrateofthedomesticconsumptiondemandstotheGDPgrowthwas51%,featuringthestimulationofdomesticdemands,hadpaidoff,andthesteadyandfastgrowthoftheconsumergoodsmarkethasbecomeanimportantfactorsupportingtheChineseeconomicgrowth.(II).,theoverallConsumerPriceIndices(CPI)%rise,%%,:First,,itroseslowlyfromJanuarytoMay,%%,,NovemberandDecemberdropped,andinDecember,%,,thepriceleveloffood,medicalandhealthcareanddailynecessitiesremainedbasicallyunchanged,thepricelevelofhousing,andrecreation,culture,%%,clothing,householdappliancesandservice,,thepriceofclothing,%%respectivelyoverthesameperiodofthepreviousyear,,thepricelevelindifferentregionswasunbalanced,,theCPIof18provinces,,42%oftheprovinces,autonomousregionsandmunicipalitiesregisteredarisingpricetrend,butthepercentageroseto68%,theCPIofruralresidentsforthefirsttimereversedthedeclinetrendforthreeconsecutiveyearsandbegantorise,%overthepreviousyear(%in2000).,%orso,about1%,intermsofeconomicconditionandelementssupportingeconomicgrowth,areasfollows:,proactivefinancialpoliciesandstablecurrencypolicieshavebeenimplementedwithmorestressgiventochannelantate-ow,establishmentofloanguaranteefundshave,tocertainextent,,b,therecoveryofeconomiesinEastAsiaincludingJapan,thecontinuedeconomicexpansionoftheUSandthestableeconomicgrowthinEuropehavecreatedagoodexternalenvironmentforthegrowthofChina’tersandthefavorablebalanceofforeigntradewaslowerthanthatofthesameperiodoflastyear,theincreaseininternationaldemandhasplayedanobviousroleinpromotingthegrowthofChineseindustrieswithcomparativeadvantages(whicharemainlylabor-intensiveindustries).Ontheotherhand,fastgrowthintheimportofrawmaterialsandelectromechanicalequipmen,sincethebeginningofthisyear,whichincreased,fastgrowthinelectronicsindustryandtelec%.Thecomparativelyslowdevelopmentinbasicindustriess%,whichisthehighestduringtheperiodoftheEighthandtheNinth"Five-yearPlan".vidualbusinesseshavebeenformulatedinvariouslocalitiesinrecentyearsinimplementingthepolicyofthe15thCentralCommitteeofallandmedium-sizedenterprises,relaxingrestrictionsontheapprovalofexporttrading,,,GuangdongandJiangsuprovinces,whereprivateenterprisesarerelativelyconcentrated,tr(SOEs),%forstate-ownedenterprisesandstateholdingenterprises,1%%.,%,,%,ovementofexternalenvironmentarethemajorreasonsforfastergrowthininvestment,,improvementinthesupplystructure,fastergrowthofnon-stateenterprisesandtheprogressmadebystate-ownedenterprisesinresolvingdifficultiesarethemajothenewcenturyaswellasthefirstyearofthe"TenthFive-yearPlan"ucturingdec,,experienceinexpandingdemandandfightingagainstdeflati,itwasdecidedattheFifthPlenarySessionofthe15thCentralCommitteeofthePartythatthestructuralreadjustmentisthemaintheme,whichmeanstheannualeconomicpolicyandtheme,,riseineconomicgrowthandstabilityofpriceaftershrinkageforaconsiderableperiodoftime,enterprisesaremoreditionsforinvestment,,thethree-yeartargetforstate-ownedenterprisestoovercomedifficultieshasbeenattained,whichmeansbetterconditionsforstrategicreadjustmentofstateeconomicdis,constructionandcompletionofsomeinfrastructureprojectssupportedbythestatetreasuryinrecentyoundationforcontinuedexpan,withthedecreaseoftheoutputofsummergrains,’,despitetheriseoftheincomeformiddleandlow-paidpeopleinthefirsthalfoftheyear,dly....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.

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LiShantong,LuZhongyuan,HouYongzhi,LiuYongandFengJieAsacomplicatedandhugesystemengineeringundertaking,thesouth-to-northwaterdiversionprojectwillgenerateprofoundandlastingimpactonth,itisimperativetocorrectlyhandletherelationshipbetweenwatersavingandwaterdiversion,pollutioncontrolandwatersupply,environmentalprotectionandwaterutilization,pamongwatersupplyareas,waterreceivingareasandareasalongthewaterdiversionroutes,aswellastherela,effortsshouldbemadetostartwatersavingpriortowaterdiversion,andchangethesituationofext,industryandurbanconstruction,whichwillfatallyoffsettheeconomicandsocialef,,China’stotalwaterutilisationforagriculturalfieldirrigationhasreached344billionm3,%,theeffectiveutilisationrateofirrigationwaterisonly30-40%,whilethatofthedevelopedcountriesstandsat70-80%.InChina,grainproductioncapacitypercubicmeterofwaterisonlyaroundonekilogram,%oftheirrigatedareasinChina,thissystemleaksaway130billionm3ofwatereachyear,accountingformorethan70%,waterutilisationinin,theoutputofonetonofsteeluses23-56tonsofwater,whileintheUSA,JapanandGermany,,whileinthedevelopedcountries,,therateofre-utilisationofindustrialwaterisonly30-40%,whileitisover75%%,andinsomecities,itisashighasabove15%.Facedwiththeshortsupplyofwaterresource,thesituationofextensiveutilisation,thesouth-ges,soastoc’sextensiveutilisationandseriouswasteofwaterresourceincludetheoutdatedconceptionsaswellasthewaterre,itisnecessarytocompletethefollowingsixconceptionandinstitutionalchanges:(1)changetheconceptionthatregardswaterasinexhaustible,increasetheawarenessthatfreshwaterresourceislimited;(2)changethepracticeofonlypreventingthedamageofwatertohumanbeings,preventespeciallythedamageofhumanbeingstothewaterresourceaswell,soastoachieveharmoniousco-existenceofmanandnature;(3)changethepracticeoffocusingonwaterresourcedevelopment,utilisationandcontrol,strengthentheappropriateallocation,effectivesavingandreasonableutilisationofwaterresourceonthepremiseofprotectingandimprovingtheecologicalenvironment;(4)changethepracticeofwatersupplybasedondemand,increasewaterutilisationefficiencyandguaranteedwatersupply,makenationaleconomicdevelopmentplansandindustrialdistributionbasedonthedemandandsupplyconditionsofwaterresource;(5)changethepracticeof"givingequalprioritytoopeningupmorechannelsofsupplies,watersavingandpollutioncontrol"to"watersavingfirst,pollutioncontrolmust,andseekingmorewatersupplyfrommultiplechannels";and(6)changethewaterresourcemanagementdispersedinseveraldepartmentsundertheplannedeconomytoacentralizedmanagementthat"coversbothlandandwaterareas",,pollutionalongthebankoftheYangtseRiver–thewatersourceareaoftheeasternrouteofthesouth-to-northwaterdiversionproject–,largevolumeofuntreatedurbanwastewaterisdirectlydischargedintotheRiver,creatingatleastbanwasterwater,thewaterofthewatersourceareaalsoconcealspotentialproblemsofbio-pollutionbyspecificorganismsparticularlyfoundintheSouth,,relevantmeasuresshouldbeadoptedassoonaspossibletocontrolpollutionanddGanziregions,,theysufferfromserioussoilerosioncausedbydegeneratedgrasslands,desertificationandwildrats,whichnotonlyrunagainstwaterconservancyatthesource,butalsoseriouslythreatelutionandecologicaldamagesmalongthemiddleandeasternr,theprop%.In2001,eightministriesandgovernmentdepartments,includingtheStateEnvironmentalProtectionAdministrationandtheStateDevelopmentandPlanningCommission,carriedoutaninspection,whichdiscoveredthattherewasnofundamentalchangeinthestructuralpollutionalongtheHuaiRiver,anditwasespeciallydifficulttobring,52sewagedisposalplantsshouldbeconstructedintherivervalley,promotingco-ordinatedeconomicalongthewaterdiversionroutesAsahugecross-valleyandlong-distanceproject,thesouth-to-northwaterdiversionprojectmayinvolvestate-levelecologicalprotectionzonesoroftheseareas,,effortsshouldbemadetobringbenefitratherthanharmtotheareas,effectivelymaintaintheecologicalprotectionzonesandspeeduptheareasandtheconstructionofsmalltowns,resettlementanddevelopmentoftownshipandvillageenterprisesalongthe,themajorcausesofthedisasterincludedisrepairofthewaterconservancyprojectsandtheconstructionoftownshipandvillageenterpriseandprivatepremisesinsidetheflooddischargeandfloodstorageareas,,whileeffortsshouldbemadetoeffectivelyplanandprotecttheflooddischargeandstorageareas,relocatetheprivateandthetownshipandvillageenterprisepremisesfromtheareas,andincorporatetheeffortofconstructingsmalltownswiththatofacceleratingthedevelopmentof,effortsshouldbemadetoprotecttheimmediateinterestsofimmigrantsandensurethattheyarecontentwiththeirnewhousingandjobstopreventthemfromreturningtonativeplaces....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.

英皇在线客户端官网:aMajorImpedimenttoIndustrializationofHighTechnologyExperiencesofforeigncountrieshaveprovedthat,intechnologicaldevelopmentsystem,transsthescientificresearchachievementsmadebyscientificresearchinstitutes,universi,theratiooftransformationofresearchachievementshasforyearsbeenaroundalowlevelof5%,ades,wepacedalongtheoldpathtotransferscientificre,thefundsprovidedbythegovernmentwerefarfromsufficienttosupportthetransformationofresearchachievements,so,somewithmarketpotentialhadtobes,duetothelackofrealinvestmentbodiesandmechanismsoflimitingcost,andencouragingbettereconomicreturnsfrominvestmentinparticular,theeffectofthefundsusedforthetransformationofresearchachievementswasverylow,therefore,itcouldhardlyposeavirtuouscyc,therealityisthatscientificresearchandhi-techindustryareseparatedasiftheybelongedtodifferentsectors:Scientificresearchersdonotcareforcommercialbenefitsfortheirach,meanwhile,hasnowaytoarousetheenthusiasmofresearchersinupgradingproductsandprtegrationofthetwosegments,,thegovernmentmadetremendouseffortstoencouragebanksreditco-opsinvariousareasacrossthecountry,thegovernmentsparednoeffortstoadjusti,however,nologicalenterprisesdidnotoperateasoriginallyrequired,butturnedintonon-bank,commercialbanksbecamenotso"obedient"asbeforewhentheirreformtowar’sBankofChinain1998showedthattheenterpriseslocatedinthehi-techdevelopmentzonesinBeijing,Tianjin,Jilinandotherprovincesandmunicipalitieswereuniversallyhauntedbyshortageoffunds,,forinstance,plannedanincreaseofRMB100millionasspecialloansearmarkedforscientificandtechnologicaldevelopmentin1997,gNewTechnologyIndustrialDevelopmentandTestZonehasalsorevealedthatonly7%oftheenterpriseslocatecingmethod,plansandadministrativemeasures,commercialbanks,obligedbytheirpromisesofrepayingtheprincipalsandintereststodepositors,havetooperateinasteadfastwayathecharacteristicsofhigh-techenterprisesthatareunstable,lackingguaranteeassets,,therefore,banksappeartobeveryprudentintheirselectionoftargetproj,’sBankofChina,theshort-termloanswithinoneyearaccountedformorethan95%entralgovernmentestablishedtheprincipleofactivelypromotingdevelopmentofhi-techindustry,therehasbeenacommonunderstandinginrecentyearsthatthecapitalmarkattheShanghaian,thestatusquoofChina’scapitaoneisatypicalexample:a)Ofthe2,343joint-stockenterpriseslocatedinBeijing’sZhongguancunarea,onlythreeraisedfundstotalingRMB860millionfromthestockexchangebyissuingA-sharesin1998.(StudyReportofBeijingNewTechnologyIndustrialDevelopmentandTestZone,1999)b)Therehasbeennoexamplesoforthatanyscientificandtechnicale)ThepropertyrightsmarketinBeijinghasbeenkeptbypainstakingeffortssinceitsestablishment,,)TheBeijingMunicipalGovernmentpooledRMB500millionin1998ands.Withotherfundsearmarkedforventureinvestment,thet,,whilethedeep-rootedcauseliesintheincompletenessofmarketandrisksassessmentsystemsandinsomepr)Atpresent,therearethreeguaranteefundsinBeijingforsmallandmedium-sizedhigh-techenterprises,setupbythemunicipalgovernment,formalitiesforobtainingguaranteesaretoocomplicatedanddifficult,whe,however,thatmorethanhalfofhi-techenterprisesagreeth%ofenterpriseshavetakeortinghi-techenterprises,themajorproblemslyinginChina’scapitalmarketaremanifestedinthefollowingfouraspects:a)’scurrentmarketwithaunitarylayercanneithermeetthefinancingdemandofalargenumberofsmallandmedium-sizedhigh-techenterprises,,Chinascapitalmarkethasdevelopedtowardshighcentralizationandsimplifiedtobetwostockexchanges,imited,itisinevitabletoexcludecertainmar,namely,thestockexchange,thismarketisboundtofavorbige’traisesufficientfundsfromthecapitalmarket,wlayeroftrading,itscapacitywouldbelimiteddueto,aphenomenonatChinasstockexchanges,,invederaconsiderableamountofsocialfundsfromenteringintothecapitalmarket,thusleavingthemidle....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.osnowfallsthisspring,gro%ofthetotalsownarea,onshowsthattheacreagesowntocerealcropslastautumnandwinteramountedonlyto387millionmu,afurther7%declineofnearly30millionmu,,theacreagesowntowinterwheatwas322millionmu,decreasedby34millionmu,%,jorwheat-growingprovincesofHebei,ShandongandHenan,,Chinasgrainproductionscoredfourconsecutivenewheights,soaringfrom350milliontonsto400milliontons,,itlargelyresultedfromtheinitiativeonthepartofgovernmentsatdifferentlevelstore,duetobumperharvestsoverthepastseveralyearsinarow,,however,couldpossiblynotmeetthedemandtothefull,becauseit,givennooccurrenceofabnormalitiesformajorplayersinthedomesticandinternationalmarkets,,10millionadditionaljobopportunities,townshipandvillageenterprisesareplannedtoincreasetwomillionemployeeseveryyear,withthetotalnu,thetotaloutputvalueofthet,toreachthegoalsmentionedabove,financingproblemsthatplaguefarmersengagedinnon-farmingactivitiesandruralent,weshouldgraduallyreformruralfinancialsystemtoturnlocalcreditcooperativesintofinanndcommercialenterprisesinthecounties,whilestrengtheningthebanks’,theaverageannualproductionofgrain,cotton,oil-bearingcropsandsugarcropsofthecountryreached505milliontons,,adreachedorsurpassedtheworldaverage...Judgingfromthecurrentsituation,atemporarymajorreversalseemsunlikel,,weshouldtryourbesttopreventState-ownedgrainenterprisesfromseekingtomaximizetheirowninterestsmerelyasplayers,whenimbalancesoccurinsupplyanddemandinthegrainmarkets,nlikelyatthemoment,theprojectedgoalcanhardlybeattainedforraisingtheincomeoffarmers,unlesstimelyandsufficientfinancialservicesareofferedtotheexpansionoftownshipandv(byraisingappropriatelytheratesofagriculturaltaxesandabolishingalladministrativefeesimposedonfarmersatthesametime)eformtopushforwardrestructuringofcountyandvillagegovernmentsandtoexplorarryingonstructuralreformofruraladministration,howtoinvigoratethecountyandvillageeconomy,especiallytopromotethedevelopmentoftownshipandvillageenterprisesandthegrowthofnon-farmingoperationsofruralhouseholds,willbeamajorissueinhandlingtherelationshipamongruralreform,developmentandstabilityatthemomentandaperiodoftimeinthefuture..nth,thesluggishconsumptionofthelow-incomefamiliesandtheslowgrowthofsocialinve,someemergingundesirablesymptomsinthecourseofeco,fromthesecondquarterofthisyearon,theTenthFive-YearPlanwouldbeimplementedandt,fromthesametimeon,theraisedsalariesofgovernmentpublic,,incontrastwithglobaleconomicslowdownandfinancialturbulence,China,thetrendofsteadyprogressinproductionandeconomicreturnsformostindust,withtheirpullingeffectsfortheentire,,%invalueoverthesameperiodlastyear,%,,themetallurgicalindustryandtheindust,theelectronicsindustryandmanufacturingofcommunicationequipmentwouldslowdown,eforautomobilebuyers,themomentumofrapidgrowthwouldcontinueforsteels,ibutio,aturnforthebetterwouldbeseenbytheendoftheyear,’sWTOentrymounting,rivalrya,,insufficientpenetrationoftheruralmarket,strongmarketcompetitionandloweringprofitabilitywouldcontinuetodampenthegrowthofpostandtelecommunicationsservices.

尊龙客户端登录WangQuanbinResearchReportNo112,2002HowistheprocessofChina’smarketizationafterovertwodecadesofreformHasChinabecomeacountrywithamarketeconomyAfteranalyzingtherelevantstudiesbothinChinaandabroad,wecancome,inwhichthemarketmechanismplaysaconstantlygrowingroleinacountry’,inwhichtheresourcesofac,theformerreferstoamarketizationinthesenseofdevelopment,whi,China’smarketiza,untryinreformortransitionmoreinthe,,,inthefinalanalysis,vealsthatthedesignofindicatorshasbecomemoreana’seconom,withthedeepeningofreform,Chinahasbeenadvancinginthedirectionofmarkurement(seetable1).Therefore,marketizationhasbeenthedirectionoftheeconomicreformoverthepasttwodecades.––Reportonthe2000surveyofgrowthanddevelopmentofentrepreneursinChinaInthe1999questionnairesurveyofenterprisemanagersinChinaconductedbytheChineseEntrepreneursSurveySystem,whichisaffiliatedtotheInformationCenteroftheDevelopmentResearchCenteroftheStateCouncil,10,,3,,autonomousregionsandmunicipalitiesexceptHongKong,,andtheproportionsofbig,,,generalmanagers,factorydirectors,,thequestionnairesurveytriedtocastlightontheprogressandproblemsofsystemconstructionoftheranksofentrepreneursinChinamainlyfromthefollowingangles:basicqualityandoccupationaltendenciesofenterprisemanagers,thedecision-makingmechanismsofenterprises,themechanismsfortheselectionofenterprisemanagers,ndopeningtotheoutsideworld,theoverallqualityofChineseenterprisemanagershasconstantlyimproved,andstructuralchangeshavetakenplaceintheirlevelofknowledge,erprisemanagers,whichischaracterizedbyahigherdegreeofformalschoolingsofarastheknowledgestructureofenterprisemanagersisconcerned,dominancebymiddle-agedandyoungpeoplesofarastheirageisconcerned,andintegrationoftechnicalandmanagementexpertisewiththelatter,Chinahavebeenimprovedsomewhat,thedecision-makingrolesoftheboardsofdirectorshavebeenstrengthenedtoacertaindegree,themechanismfortheselectionofenterprisemanagersandsystemsfortheexaminationoftheirachievementsmeetingtherequirementsofmodernenterprisesystemshavebeengraduallyimproved,andsohavebcteristicsofamarketeconomyarebeingexploredanddeveloped,theincomelevelsofenterprisemanagershaveconstantlyrisen,,state-ownedenterpriseshavefallenbehindincomparisonsof;marketization,specializationandsystematizationoftheranksofentrepreneurswillbeacceleratedvigorously;andsystemsfitforasocialistmarketeconomyandmodernenterprisesystemswillbeinstalledorperfectedtocreateafavorablesociaultsofthesurveyshowthatperabovethecollegelevel,on,andmostofthemhaveset“workfortheinterestsofemployees”and“realizationofself-value”“willyoustillchoosetobeanenterprisemanagerifyouaregivenanotherchancetochooseyouroccupation”,“yes”“no”.Themanagersofprivatelyownedenterpriseshaveacomparativelyhigherdegreeofs“whatistheforcebehindenterprisemanagerswhostillworkhardwhentheirenterprisesfallintodifficulties”,mostoftherespondentstickedtheanswers“workfortheinterestsofemployees”and“realizationofself-value”astheirfirstchoices,“self-temperingandself-improvementindifficulties”and“makingcontributiontosociety”,thatinshareholdingenterprises,thedecision-makingrolesoftheirboardsofdirectorshavebeenstrengthenedsomewhat,theproportionofadministrativeleadersholdingconcurrentpostsofPartysecretarieshasbecomebiggerthantheyearbefore,andthecontinuityoftenureofNo1leadersisremarkablylessi,chairpersons,,,twothirdsofthechairpersonsareconcurrentlythegeneralmanagers,almost,es,veyshowthatintherecent10years,thefrequencyofreplacementoftheNo1leadersofenterprisesisbiggestinstate-ownedenterprises,,,,enterprisesinvolvingforeignorHongKong,,,eyshowthatsincethelaunchingofthepolicyofreformandopeningtotheoutsideworld,comparativelybigchangeshavetaktsarestillthemajorformofselectionofenterprisemanagers,thisproportionhasshrunkandthepropogersisconcerned,“workachievements”and“managementability”havebeenregardedasthemostimportantqualificationsfortheselectionofenterprisemanagers,“moralityandprestige”,;and“trustworthinessbysenioradministrativedepartments”and“professionalknowledge”,(SeeTable1).Table1Qualificationsfortheselectionandappointmentofmanagersforenterprisesofdifferenttypesofownership(%)LiShantongHouYongzhiResearchReportNo193,’,,th,Shanghai’spercapitaGDPin2001wasashighas37,382yuanwhilethatofGuizhouProvincewasonly2,895yuan,,itisnecessarytodivideChinaintoseveralregionswhenarestudythecountry’,someinstitutionsdividedChina’,China’smainlandwasdividedintothefirst-line,,avarietyofdividingmetho(i):theeast,,theGuangxiZhuangAutonomousRegionwasonceregard,,:Beijing,Tianjin,Hebei,Liaoning,Shanghai,Jiangsu,Zhejiang,Fujian,Shandong,:Shanxi,Jilin,Heilongjiang,Anhui,Jiangxi,Henan,,municipalitiesandautonomousregions:Chongqing,Sichuan,Guizhou,Yunnan,Tibet,Shaanxi,Gansu,Qinghai,Ningxia,Xinjiang,GuangxiandInnerMongolia.(ii),themid-anddownstream-YellowRiverregion,themid-anddownstream-YangtzeRiverregion,thesoutheastcoastalregion,thesouthwestregionandthenorthwestregion.(iii),JilinandHeilongjiang;thenorthwestregionmadeupofShaanxi,Gansu,Qinghai,NingxiaandXinjiang;thenorthregionmadeupofBeijing,Tianjin,Hebei,InnerMongoliaandShanxi;theeastregionmadeupofShandong,Shanghai,JiangsuandZhejiang;thecentralregionmadeupofHenan,Anhui,Jiangxi,HubeiandHunan;thesouthregionmadeupofFujian,Guangdong,GuangxiandHainan;andthesouthwestregionmadeupofSichuan,Guizhou,YunnanandTibet.(iv),thenortheastregioncomprisesthreenortheastprovincesandtheeasternpartofInnerMongolia;theBohaiRimregioncomprisesBeijing,Tianjin,HebeiandShangdong;themid-streamYellowRiverregioncomprisesShanxi,HenanandthecentralandwesternpartofInnerMongolia;theYangtzeRiverDeltaregioncomprisesShanghai,JiangsuandZhejiang;themid-streamYangtzeRiverregioncomprisesHubei,Hunan,AnhuiandJiangxi;thesoutheastcoastalregioncomprisesFujian,Guangdong,GuangxiandHainan;thenorthwestregioncomprisesShaanxi,Gansu,Qinghai,NingxiaandXinjiang;andthesouthwestregioncomprisesSichuan,,thenortheastregionconsistsofthreenortheastprovinces;thenorthcoastalregionconsistsofBeijing,Tianjin,HebeiandShandong;thenorthinlandregionconsistsofShanxi,ShaanxiandInnerMongolia;theeastcoastalregionconsistsofShanghai,JiangsuandZhejiang;theeastinlandregionconsistsofHenan,AnhuiandJiangxi;thecentralinlandregionconsistsofHunanandHubei;thesouthcoastalregionconsistsofFujian,Guangdong,GuangxiandHainan;thewestinlandregionconsistsofGansu,Qinghai,Ningxia,XinjiangandTibet;andthesouthwestinlandregionconsistsofSichuan,YunnanandGuizhou.(v);theJingjinjiregionincludesBeijing,Tianjin,Tangshan,QinhuangdaoandShijiazhuang;theJiqingregionincludesJinan,QingdaoandYantai;thegreaterShanghairegionincludesShanghai,Suzhou,Wuxi,Changzhou,NingboandHangzhou;thePearlRiverDeltaregionincludesGuangzhou,Shenzhen,ZhuhaiandShantou;theJiheiregionincludesChangchunandHarbin;theXiang’eganregionincludesWuhan,ChangshaandNanchang;,"threemajorregions"icdevelopmentandtheconve’snationalconditions,webelievethatinordertofacilitatethestudyofregionalissuesandtheanalysisofregionalpolicies,China’sregionaldivisionshouldfollowthefollowingnineprinciples:(1)geographiccloseness;(2)similarityinnaturalconditionsandresourceendowment;(3)similarityineconomicdevelopmentlevel;(4)closeeconomiclinksorsimilardevelopmentproblems;(5)similarityinsocialstructure;(6)propersize;(7)historicalcontinuity;(8)integrityofadministrativedivision;and(9)c,wemaydi,andthereforeisinconvenientforin-depthanalysisofregionaldifferences;somedividingmethodsfailtopreservethecompletenessofadministrativedivisionsandareinconvenientforgatheringandstudyingthedataabouttheirsocialandeconomicdevelopment;somemethodsfailtoconsiderhistoricalcontinuityandruncountertocommonsense;andsomegeographiccovtingdividingmethods,wedivideChina’smainlandintothefollowingeightmajorregions:,whichcomprisesthreeprovinces:Liaoning,,,theyarefacingmanycommonproblemssuc,whichcomprisestwomunicipalitiesandtwoprovinces:Beijing,Tianjin,,,,whichcomprisesonemunicipalityandtwoprovinces:Shanghai,,,,whichcomprisesthreeprovinces:Fujian,,,MacaoandTaiwan,thi,whichcomprisesthreeprovincesandoneautonomousregion:Shaanxi,Shanxi,,,,itsopeningtotheouts,whichcomprisesfourprovinces:Hubei,Hunan,,,itsopeninghas,whichcomprisesthreeprovinces,onemunicipalityandoneautonomousregion:Yunnan,Guizhou,Sichuan,,,,whichcomprisestwoprovincesandthreeautonomousregions:Gansu,Qinghai,Ningxia,,...Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.

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